Make In India – Initiatives, Aims, Advantages & Challenges 

Make in India is a flagship initiative launched by the Government of India in September 2014 with the aim of boosting the country’s manufacturing sector and making it a global manufacturing hub. The initiative focuses on attracting foreign investment, promoting domestic manufacturing, and creating jobs.


The Make in India initiative has a number of initiatives in place to support the manufacturing sector, including:

  • Industrial corridors: The government has developed a number of industrial corridors, such as the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and the Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor, to create world-class infrastructure and support the development of manufacturing clusters.
  • Special economic zones (SEZs): SEZs offer tax and other benefits to attract foreign investment and promote manufacturing.
  • Ease of doing business: The government has taken steps to improve the ease of doing business in India, such as streamlining regulations and simplifying procedures.
  • Skill development: The government is investing in skill development programs to create a skilled workforce that meets the needs of the manufacturing sector.


The Make in India initiative has a number of aims, including:

  • To increase the contribution of the manufacturing sector to India’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2022.
  • To create 100 million jobs in the manufacturing sector by 2022.
  • To attract $100 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the manufacturing sector by 2022.
  • To make India a global manufacturing hub.


The Make in India initiative has a number of advantages, including:

  • Large domestic market: India has a large domestic market for manufactured goods, which makes it an attractive destination for foreign investment.
  • Young workforce: India has a young and growing workforce, which provides a pool of potential workers for the manufacturing sector.
  • Cost-competitiveness: India is a cost-competitive destination for manufacturing, due to lower wages and other costs.
  • Government support: The Indian government is supportive of the manufacturing sector and has taken a number of steps to promote its growth.
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The Make in India initiative also faces a number of challenges, including:

  • Infrastructure: India’s infrastructure needs significant improvement in order to support the growth of the manufacturing sector.
  • Skills: India has a shortage of skilled workers in some areas, which is a challenge for the manufacturing sector.
  • Regulations: India’s regulatory environment is complex and can be a barrier to doing business.
  • Competition: India faces competition from other countries, such as China and Vietnam, which are also trying to attract foreign investment and become global manufacturing hubs.


The Make in India initiative has made some progress since its launch in 2014. India’s manufacturing sector has grown at an average rate of 7-8% per year since then, and the country has attracted a significant amount of FDI in the sector. However, there is still a long way to go to achieve the Make in India’s ambitious goals.


The Make in India initiative is a significant step towards making India a global manufacturing hub. The initiative has a number of advantages, such as a large domestic market, a young workforce, and cost-competitiveness. However, it also faces a number of challenges, such as infrastructure, skills, regulations, and competition.

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