Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of India. Headquartered in the city of Bangalore, its primary objective is to advance space technology and its application to various national tasks.


ISRO was formed in 1969, succeeding the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). INCOSPAR had been established in 1962 by Vikram Sarabhai, considered the father of the Indian space program. Sarabhai was a visionary scientist who recognized the potential of space technology for national development.

Under Sarabhai’s leadership, ISRO launched its first satellite, Aryabhata, in 1975. Aryabhata was a research satellite that carried out experiments in astronomy and atmospheric physics. It was a major milestone for India’s space program and demonstrated the country’s capability to launch and operate its own satellites.

In the decades since its inception, ISRO has made significant progress in space technology. It has launched over 100 satellites into orbit, including several communication, remote sensing, and navigation satellites. ISRO has also developed its own launch vehicles, including the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).


ISRO has achieved a number of notable milestones in its history. Some of its most notable achievements include:

  • Launching the first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, in 1975
  • Developing the PSLV and GSLV launch vehicles
  • Launching the Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) series, which has provided valuable data for agriculture, natural resource management, and disaster management
  • Launching the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT), which provides communication and broadcasting services to India and its neighbors
  • Launching the Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission in 2008, which made India the fourth country in the world to reach the Moon
  • Launching the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) in 2013, which made India the first Asian country to reach Mars
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Future Plans

ISRO has a number of ambitious plans for the future. Some of its key goals include:

  • Developing a new generation of launch vehicles, including the Heavy Lift Vehicle (HLV) and the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)
  • Launching a human spaceflight mission by 2030
  • Establishing a space station
  • Exploring the Moon and Mars

ISRO is also working on developing new technologies for space applications, such as satellite navigation, remote sensing, and communication.

Impact of ISRO

ISRO has had a significant impact on India’s development. Its space technology programs have benefited a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, natural resource management, disaster management, communication, and education.

ISRO has also helped to boost India’s image on the global stage. Today, India is one of the leading spacefaring nations in the world. ISRO’s success is a testament to the hard work and dedication of its scientists and engineers.


ISRO is a dynamic and growing space agency with a bright future. It is playing a vital role in India’s development and is helping to make the country a global leader in space technology.

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